Codeine is the most widely used, naturally occurring narcotic in medical treatment in the world. This alkaloid is found in opium in concentrations ranging from 0.7 to 2.5 percent. However, most narcotics used in the United States is produced from morphine. Codeine is also the starting material for the production of two other narcotics, dihydrocodeine and hydrocodone. Narcotics medically prescribed for the relief of moderate pain and cough suppression. Compared to morphine, codeine produces less analgesia, sedation, and respiratory depression, and is usually taken orally. It is made into tablets either alone (Schedule II) or in combination with aspirin or acetaminophen (i.e., Tylenol, Schedule III). As a cough suppressant, this drug is found in a number of liquid preparations (these products are in Schedule V). Codeine is also used to a lesser extent as an injectable solution for the treatment of pain.  Narcotics products are diverted from legitimate sources and are encountered on the illicit market.



  • Slow breathing
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Coma
  • Confusion
  • Tiredness
  • Cold and clammy skin
  • Small pupils


Source: DEA

Other Sources:

  1. Narcotics 
    Tuzistra XR® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine
  2. Tylenol # 3 overdose; Phenaphen Tylenol overdose … Acetaminophen .. is commonly sold under the name Tylenol #3.
  3. Cough and Cold Medicine (DXM and Codeine Syrup)  From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse)  
    … Map Print Cough and Cold Medicine (DXM ) Street names: Candy, Drank, Robo Home / Drug … Health Related Cough and Cold Medicine (DXM and Codeine Syrup) Interactives National Drug IQ Challenge Challenge yourself— …
  4. Post-Surgery  Puts Kids at Risk (Food and Drug Administration)  
    … Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Post-Surgery  Kids at Risk Share Tweet Linkedin Pin … Problem Signs of Trouble Children are often prescribed narcotics for pain relief after surgery to remove their …
  5. Overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this medication. This is for …
  6. The combination of acetaminophen capsule, and liquid to take by mouth. It usually is taken every 6 hours as needed. Follow …


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