Crack Cocaine

Crack Cocaine

Crack Cocaine

Crack Cocaine (Brochure), a form of cocaine base, is derived from powder cocaine. Unlike the processing of freebase cocaine, converting powder cocaine into crack cocaine does not involve any flammable solvents.

Crack Cocaine
Crack Cocaine

The powder cocaine is simply dissolved in a solution of sodium bicarbonate and water. The solution is boiled and a solid substance separates from the boiling mixture. This solid substance, crack, is removed and allowed to dry. The crack cocaine is then broken or cut into “rocks,” each typically weighing from one-tenth to one-half of a gram. One gram of pure powder cocaine will convert to approximately 0.89 grams of crack cocaine. The DEA estimates that crack rocks are between 75% and 90% pure cocaine. Because crack is smoked, the user experiences a high in less than 10 seconds. This rather immediate and euphoric effect is one of the reasons that crack became enormously popular in the mid 1980s. Another reason is that crack is inexpensive both to produce and to buy.

Crack got its name because it crackles when it is heated and smoked. Both cocaine and crack are very addictive — and very, very dangerous.

For more information and photographs of cocaine and crack cocaine, get the cocaine brochure or the Drug Identification Guide.

Other Sources:

  1. Cocaine (National Library of Medicine)  
    Cocaine is a white powder. It can be snorted up the nose or mixed with water and injected with a needle. Cocaine can also be made into small white rocks, … Crack is smoked in a small glass pipe.  Cocaine speeds up your whole body. You may feel …
  2. Intoxication – cocaine … Cocaine intoxication may be caused by: Taking too much cocaine, or too concentrated a form of cocaine Using cocaine when the weather is hot, which …
  3. Cocaine  From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse)  
    … to-Read Web site Citation Site Map Print  Cocaine  Street names: Blow, Coke, Crack  Home / Drug Facts / Cocaine  What Is Cocaine? Also known as: “coke,” “Coca,” “C,” “snow,” “flake,” “ …
  4. Cocaine  From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse)  
    … Search Share Print Home » Publications » DrugFacts »  Cocaine  DrugFacts: Cocaine  Email Facebook Twitter Revised April 2013  Cocaine is … raising heart rate and blood pressure. How Is Cocaine Used? The powdered form of cocaineis either …
  5. Other Sources

    Drug Identification Guide

    CDC Facts

    CDC Addiction Info

    CDC Overdose Stats

    CDC Substance Treatment

    Whitehouse Drug Free Communities

    Samhsa Workplace Programs

    Drug Free

    Federal Register Codification


1 Comment

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