Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines

"Short-acting benzodiazepines are generally used for patients with sleep-onset insomnia (difficulty falling asleep) without daytime anxiety. Shorter-acting drugs used to manage insomnia include estazolam (ProSom®), flurazepam (Dalmane®), temazepam (Restoril®), and triazolam (Halcion®). Midazolam (Versed®), a short-acting benzodiazepine, is utilized for sedation, anxiety, and amnesia in critical care settings and prior to anesthesia. It is available in the United States as an injectable preparation and as a syrup (primarily for pediatric patients).

Restoril

Restoril

Benzodiazepines with a longer duration of action are utilized to treat insomnia in patients with daytime anxiety. These drugs include alprazolam (Xanax®), chlordiazepoxide (librium®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®, halazepam (Paxipam®), lorazepam (Ativan®), oxazepam (Serax®), prazepam (Centrax®), and quazepam (Doral®). Clonazepam (Klonopin®), diazepam, and clorazepate are also used as anticonvulsants."

More information in the Prescription Drug Booklet

Other Sources:

  1. Depressants (Drug Enforcement Administration)
    Drug Fact Sheet  Overview  Benzodiazepines are depressants that produce sedation, induce sleep, relieve anxiety and muscle spasms, and prevent seizures. Street names ...
  2. Depressants and Pregnancy (Organization of Teratology Information Specialists)   
    Benzodiazepines and Pregnancy In every pregnancy, a woman starts out with a 3-5% chance of having ... risk. This sheet talks about whether exposure to benzodiazepines may increase the risk for birth defects over ...
  3. Toxicology screen 
    Barbiturates - Amphetamines - screen; Analgesics - screen; Antidepressants - screen; Narcotics - screen; Phenothiazines - screen; Drug abuse screen; Blood alcohol test
  4. Medicines for sleep 
     Sedatives; Hypnotics; Sleeping pills
  5. Drug-Poisoning Deaths Involving Opioid Analgesics: the United States, 1999-2011 (National Center for Health Statistics)  
    ... of all opioid-analgesic poisoning deaths in 2007.
  6. Sleeping Pills for Insomnia: Which Ones Work Best? (Consumers Union of U.S.)  
    ... as regular-strength zolpidem.
  7. Anxiety Disorders: Types, Diagnosis, and Treatment | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine 
    ... inhibitors (MAOIs) are also used for anxiety disorders.
  8. Delirium (Merck & Co., Inc.)  
    ... may increase the risk of stroke and death.  Benzodiazepines (a type of sedative—see Treatment and ... due to withdrawal from a sedative or alcohol.

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